This is the dental photograph of a 20year old girl. The swollen, spongy, red coloured gums alongwith heavy tartar deposits can be seen. The condition is known as Chronic Gingivitis.
She came with chief complaint of bleeding from gums for the last six months. And she had visited a dentist a few months ago – got one sitting of scaling and then failed to go to him for follow-up.
Even though she says that her illness is just of six months’ duration but it appears that though she must have noticed gum bleeding for the last six months, the condition must be existing for at least a couple of years. And to start with possibly there were no symptoms.
The condition of gums in this photograph appears quite bad and annoying –it definitely appears quite grim. However, a positive aspect of Chronic Gingivitis in a 20year old person is that it is very easy to treat –just it requires thorough scaling and within 10-15days the gums return to their normal condition. And the patient is motivated to follow a regular regimen of oral hygiene.
But there are barriers to getting even that sort of basic treatment. The foremost is that there is prevalent myth in India that if anybody would got teeth cleaned (Scaling), the teeth will become shaky and will become sensitive to hot and cold. Some of the people are not able to visit a dentist because they can’t afford the expensive treatment.